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Our projects

Riga Graduate School of Law has considerable experience in running and managing a variety of projects. Different type of projects implemented by faculty, administrative staff and students since the school’s foundation include:

  • investment and fund raising projects,
  • library development projects,
  • research projects,
  • student and faculty mobility projects,
  • continuing and life long learning projects.

At present, Riga Graduate School of Law is leading or actively participating in the following research projects:



Researchers: Ilze Rūse, George Ulrich (supervisor)
Period: 2013 – 2016
On 2 September 2013 Riga Graduate School of Law launched the research project DelExPol: ‘Evaluating the Post-Lisbon Effects of Delegation in the EU External Relations’  that is funded by the FP7 Marie Curie Grant. The project proposal was submitted by RGSL faculty member Dr. Ilze Rūse for PEOPLE Programme of the FP7 and is supervised by Prof. George Ulrich, Rector of RGSL. The research project continues three years and aims at analyzing the coherence of the EU’s external action under the Lisbon Treaty by using innovative political science theoretical tools, i.e. Principal-Agent model. The RGSL as a lead university collaborates with other academic partners in carrying out the project.

Member States’ Constitutions and EU Integration

Researcher: Mārtiņš Mits
Period: 2012 – 2016
The project is led by the Salzburg Centre of European Union Studies and ECSA Austria. The aim of the project is to explore the legal obstacles for a deeper European integration deriving from constitutions of all 28 EU member states. The project entails annual workshops where each country is presented and discussed once during the project. The constitutional developments in Latvia were presented by Associated professor Mārtiņš Mits in the first workshop held in Vienna in 2012.
The outcome of the project is a book which will be published in 2016.

Human Rights Research Methodology: Key Issues and Approaches

Researcher: George Ulrich
Period: since 2014
George Ulrich is involved in a study which will result in a book „Human Rights Research Methodology: Key Issues and Approaches” published by Oxford University Press (Editors: Bård A. Andreassen, Hans-Otto Sano, and Siobhán McInerney-Lankford).
Taking into account that methodological discussion has been neglected in human rights research, the aim of the study is to provide a hands-on text which introduces and critically discusses various approaches to human rights research, and discusses relevant choices of methods in particular social contexts. The book should guide human rights students and researchers to the choices available and to better research practices. The book is also intended to raise awareness about methods selection.

In recent past, Riga Graduate School of Law was leading or actively participating in the following research projects:

JEUCON project

Researchers: Peter Gjortler
Period: 2015

The project aimed at training member states judges, apprentice judges and lawyers in EU competition law. The seminars and the conference organized within the project aimed at providing the basics of EU competition law, but also to involve participants in the solution of most complex cases of application of EU competition law. A special attention was dedicated to antitrust damage actions, as governed by EU Directive no. 104/2014, on certain rules governing actions for damages under national law for infringements of the competition law provisions of the Member States and of the European Union. This instrument raises inter alia several procedural questions regarding private antitrust enforcement, such as the access to evidence, quantification of damage, jurisdiction and applicable law before national courts. RGSL participation in the project activities was coordinated with the Judicial Training Institute, and a delegation of 8 Latvian judges participated in the final conference of the project.
More information here: http://giurisprudenza.unige.it/Jeucon_project_eng

EUPRHA: The European Universities on Professionalization on Humanitarian Action

Researchers: Arina Melse, Ieva Miļūna
Period: 2011 – 2014
EUPHRA is a European effort to give a common response to the new trends in humanitarian sector. It brings together thirty universities from across Europe, two global humanitarian associations and NOHA (Network on Humanitarian Action) Alumni. Project is supported by the European Commission. Partners work together on core issues that would progress the sharing of humanitarian action. RGSL was responsible for the assessment of project`s administration and its development`s quality.
More information here: www.euprha.org
Final report is available here: http://euprha.org/hatrends/

QUALETRA – Quality in Legal Translation

Researchers: Christopher Goddard, Irēna Lapsa
Period: November 2012 – November 2014
The project focuses on actions to develop curricula, assessment procedures and certification and accreditation strategies in order to improve the training of legal translators. In addition the project aims to develop models for legal practitioners to interact efficiently with legal translation. The expected overall result is the conduction of transparent, cost-effective criminal proceedings in the EU courts guaranteeing the rights of suspected and accused persons as stipulated in Directive 2010/64/EU and in the two Proposals for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council mentioned above.
On 9-11 June 2014 RGSL hosted the project meeting focused mainly on legal translators’ competences and skills, as well as on development of legal translator’s core curriculum.
More information here: http://www.eulita.eu/qualetra

Annual Report on Fundamental Rights in Latvia for the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights

Senior expert (editor): Mārtiņš Mits
Period: 2011 – 2014
Since 2011 RGSL is involved in the preparation of the national report about Latvia for EU Fundamental Rights Agency. Based on the information given in the report prepared by each EU member state, EU Fundamental Rights Agency publish its Annual report on challanges and achievements in the area of fundamenetal Rights in EU. Reports about Latvia are prepared by Latvian Human Rights Center and RGSL ensures legal editing of the report.
Fundamental Rights: Challanges and Achievements 2013 is available at http://fra.europa.eu/en/publication/2014/fundamental-rights-challenges-and-achievements-2013

Impact of the European Convention on Human Rights and the Case Law on Democratic Changes and Developments in Eastern Europe ILEC – Involuntary Loss of European Citizenship

Researchers: Mārtiņš Mits, Ineta Ziemele (editor)
Period: 2013 – 2014
This is a research project led by judges of the European Court of Human Rights – Ineta Ziemele (RGSL professor) and Julia Motoc. The aim is to explore and assess the impact that the European Convention on Human Rights has made on the democratisation processes in the recent states parties to the European Convention of Human Rights from the Central and Eastern Europe. The project started with a seminar held in Strasbourg in the European Court of Human Rights on 18 February 2013. Associated professor Mārtiņš Mits made a presentation in the seminar and he is a researcher exploring the impact in Latvia.
The outcome of the project is a book that is published by the Cambridge University Press in 2016.

ILEC – Involuntary Loss of European Citizenship

Researcher: Kristīne Krūma
Period: 2013 – 2015
ILEC is a two-year research project co-funded by the European Commission’s DG Justice, Citizenship and Fundamental Rights which aims to fill the knowledge gap concerning the rules and administrative procedures applicable to loss of nationality across the Union, and their relation to existing European and international legal standards. Based on an in-depth comparative inventory of the regulations, administrative practices and statistical data concerning involuntary loss of nationality across the 28 EU member states, the project will generate new knowledge on the effects of the increasing judicialisation of the grounds of loss of Union citizenship over national legal systems.
More information here: http://www.ilecproject.eu/

Study on case-law relating to trafficking in human beings for labour exploitation

Pētnieks: Mārtiņš Mits
Laika periods: 2014 – 2015
Projektu “Study on case-law relating to trafficking in human beings for labour exploitation” (Pētījums par judikatūru cilvēku tirdzniecības jomā) vada Milieu Ltd. (Beļģija) un to finansē Eiropas Komisija. Projekta mērķis ir apkopot informāciju par likumdošanas un apsūdzības praksi Eiropas Savienībā cilvēku tirdzniecības jomā, jo sevišķi piespiedu darba kontekstā. Tā ietvaros katra dalībvalsts sagatavo nacionālo ziņojumu. Projekta rezultāts ir nacionālo ziņojumu apkopojums, kas kalpos kā pamats ES nacionālo stratēģiju attīstībai. Projekta references periods ir 2009 – 2013.

ENACT – European Citizenship

Researchers: Kristīne Krūma, Laura Meijere, Ivars Indāns, Sandra Baltruka
Period: 1 January 2007 – 31 January 2010
The project ENACT was a ‘Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities’ programme with the call FP7-SSH-2007-1 by the European Commission. The project co-ordinator is the Centre for Citizenship, Identities and Governance (CCIG) at the Open University’s Faculty of Social Sciences. ENACT was a consortium which brought together researchers from three member states of the European Union (UK, Belgium and the Netherlands), two new member states (Hungary and Latvia) and a candidate state (Turkey) to explore in depth how European citizenship is claimed, disputed, built — in short, enacted. The consortium assessd  European citizenship as enacted by citizens as well as non-citizens (third country nationals, refugees, illegal aliens, states).
More information here: http://www.enacting-citizenship.eu/
Publications regarding EU citizenship in Latvia are available here: http://www.enacting-citizenship.eu/index.php/sections/deliverables/cat/wp8_eu_citizenship_in_latvia/

PRIV-WAR – Regulating Privatisation of War

Researchers: Ineta Ziemele, Ieva Miluna, Sandija Novicka, Signe Zaharova, Ugis Zeltins, Ieva Kalnina, Edmunds Broks
Period: 2008 – 2010
PRIV-WAR was a collaborative research project coordinated by the European University Institute through the Academy of European Law in cooperation with LUISS “Guido Carli” (Rome) and the other project partners: Justus Liebig Universität Giessen; Riga Graduate School of Law; Université Panthéon-Assas (Paris II), Centre Thucydide; University of Sheffield and Utrecht University. The project has assessed the impact of the increasing use of private military companies and security companies (PMCs/PSCs) in situations of armed conflict. It has examined the regulatory framework at national, European and international levels, and it has made Recommendations for the European Union with a view to ensuring improved compliance with international humanitarian law and human rights. Launched in January 2008, the project was concluded in August 2011.
More information here: http://priv-war.eu/wordpress/
Two books have been published based on the PRIV-WAR research:
Francesco Francioni and Natalino Ronzitt (eds.), War By Contract: Human Rights, Humanitarian Law and Private Contractors, Oxford University Press, 2011.
Christine Bakker and Mirko Sossai (eds.), Multilevel Regulation of Military and Security Contractors: The Interplay between International, European and Domestic Norms, Hart Publishing, 2012
Working papers, Reports on national legislation and case law, Events reports are available here: http://priv-war.eu/wordpress/?page_id=18

JUSTMEN – Menu for Justice

Researchers: Mārtiņš Mits
Period: 2010 – 2012
Menu for Justice was an ambitious academic network, financed by the EU under the LLP program, which created a broad partnership among 50 institutions, in 30 European countries. The project was coordinated by the Institute of Political Science, Bologna University.The aim of this Academic Network was to develop proposals for curicula in the field of courts and judges and justice administration. By assessing the “state of the art” of education for law students, lawyers and judges in Europe, Menu for Justice aimed to provide vital information to policy makers considering the development of an innovative curriculum studiorum in judicial studies. It also aimed to provide European institutions and the public with basic guidelines for monitoring the way legal and judicial training are changing in Europe.
More information here: https://www.academic-projects.eu/menuforjustice/default.aspx
Two books have been published based on the JUSTMEN research:
Daniela Piana, Philip Langbroek, Tomas Berkmanas, Ole Hammerslev, Otilia Pacurari (eds.), Legal education and judicial training in Europe. The Menu for Justice project report, Eleven International Publishing, 2013.
Pasquale Policastro (ed.), Towards innovation in legal education, Eleven International Publishing, 2013.
Other publications are available here: https://www.academic-projects.eu/menuforjustice/Lists/Deliverables/deliverables.aspx

INTEC – National Integration Policies

Researcher: Kristīne Krūma
Period: 1 January 2010 – 31 December 2010
The INTEC project has conducted a first evaluation of the recent paradigmatic change in policy concepts concerning integration in certain Member States. The project aims to provide detailed and reliable information on the content and the impact of compulsory elements in national integration policies. The main research questions focused on the reasons for the introduction of the obligatory integration requirements, the way in which they had been developed and put into practice and the actual effects of the requirements on immigrants.
The final report presents a comparative study of the policies, practice and data regarding the integration requirements of nine EU Member States (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Latvia, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom). In order to disseminate the research results, the provisional conclusions of the comparative research were presented at an international conference in October 2010 and by the rapporteurs at a national seminar of stakeholders. The RGSL hosted seminar on 2 December 2010.

Mediation: Status Quo in Europe and Overseas. Options for countries in transition

Researchers: Frank Diedrich, Ulla Zumente-Steele
Period: Conference held on 27 September 2013; project outcome (book) published in 2014.
Riga Graduate School of Law in collaboration with Germany’s Institute for European Mediation and Arbitration (IEMA) organized an international conference ”Mediation: Status Quo in Europe and Overseas. Options for countries in transition” on 27 September 2013 in Riga, Latvia. The aim of the conference was to discuss alternative dispute resolution (ADR) ways, including mediation, which allows conflicts to be resolved without litigation. During the conference the case studies of dispute resolutions without litigation in Latvia and other European countries was offered, as well as case studies from Africa, the US, and Australia.
Speakers`s presentations were based on previosly carried out research and later summarized in the book „The Status Quo of Mediation in Europe and Overseas. Options for Countries in Transition”.
Deliverables: Diedrich Frank (Ed.), The Status Quo of Mediation in Europe and Overseas. Options for Countries in Transition, Verlag Dr. Kovač, 2014

Study on Synergies and Linkages between Danish Efforts to Promote Human Rights at the Multilateral Level and in Development Cooperation

Researcher: George Ulrich
Period: 2011-2013
George Ulrich was involved as the leading researcher on a two-year study on Synergies and Linkages between Danish Efforts to Promote Human Rights at the Multilateral Level and in Development Cooperation that the Danish Institute for Human Rights (DIHR) was tasked to conduct by the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Denmark, in its foreign policy, is intensely engaged both in diplomatic interaction at the multilateral level and in efforts to advance human rights on the ground through bilateral development cooperation. The question of the study is how to connect these engagements in a mutually reinforcing manner so as to attain an optimal effect at both levels.
The Danish Institute for Human Rights and Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs are planning a seminar on 31 October to review and discuss the study findings and George Ulrich will attend it as key speaker.
More information here: http://humanrights.dk/publications/synergies-linkages
Deliverables: Ulrich, George, Synergies and Linkages. Between Danish efforts to promote human rights at the multilateral level and in developmend cooperation, The Danish Institute for Human Rights, 2014.
Available here: http://humanrights.dk/files/media/dokumenter/udgivelser/research/synergies_and_linkages_2014.pdf

Study on Case Law of the European Court of Human Rights in the Decisions of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Latvia

Researcher: Mārtiņš Mits
Period: 2012
Study on Case Law of the European Court of Human Rights in the Decisions of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Latvia („Eiropas Cilvēktiesību tiesas judikatūra Latvijas Republikas Augstākās tiesas nolēmumos”) was carried out by request of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Latvia. Aim of the study was to explore the role and application of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) in the practice of all three departments of the Supreme Court and to find what kind of suggestions may be made based on the analysis of the Supreme Court`s case-law. Overall 170 decisions and judgments made in the period from 1st January 2011 to 17th August 2012 were analysed. As a result, it was found that the ECHR has become an applicable instrument in the daily practice of the Supreme Court, and the positive and risky tendences of its use were highlighted as well.
Deliverables: Study which is published in the website of Supreme Court of the Republic of Latvia: http://at.gov.lv/lv/judikatura/tiesu-prakses-apkopojumi/citi/



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